THE PHARMACY ACT, 1948

  • This act was enacted for the regulation of the profession and practice of pharmacy. The salient features are as follows:

1. The Pharmacy Council of India consist of a team for a period of 5 years.


The Inter University Board has members of different departments like pharmacy, pharmacology, pharmaceutical chemistry, etc.

Six members are nominated by the Central Government and one member from the Medical Council of India.

Director General of Health Services, Drug Controller, Director of Central Drug Laboratory, and Chief Chemist (Central Revenues) are also members.


2. Central Council with approval of Central Govt. regulates education, period of study, practical training, equipments, facilities, and standard of examination.


3. The Act approve formation of State Pharmacy Councils.


4. Registration of pharmacists is done with their name, age, sex, residential address, and qualification.


Any person more than 18 years holding degree or diploma in pharmacy or other field engaged in corresponding of drugs in hospital, dispensary or 10th class having 5 years of dispensary experience, can be registered.

Special provision are given for displaced person who has been carrying on profession of pharmacy before March 1948 and Indian carrying pharmacy outside the India but satisfy the conditions of registration.


5. Removal of name after recommendation of executive committee of central or state body for infamous conduct, suppression or misrepresentation of fact.


6. Any person who is found guilty for violation of law can be punished with a fine of Rs. 5000 - 1000 or 6 months imprisonment or both.


At present there are 343 approved institutes imparting Diploma in Pharmacy and 143 institutions imparting degree of pharmacy.