INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICE (ICDS) SCHEME

  • Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) scheme was launched on 2nd October, 1975 (5th Five year Plan) in pursuance of the National Policy for Children in 33 experimental blocks. Success of the scheme led to its expansion to 2996 projects by the end of March 1994. Now the goal is to universalisation of ICDS throughout the country.

  • The primary responsibility for the implementation of the programme is with the Department of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resources Development at the Centre and the nodal departments at the state which may be Social Welfare, Rural Development, Tribal Welfare, Health & Family Welfare or Women and Child Development.

Beneficiaries
  • 1. Children below 6 years
    2. Pregnant and lactating women
    3. Women in the age group of 15-44 years
    4. Adolescent girls in selected blocks
    The Ninth Five Year Plan aim to universalise the ICDS i.e. coverage to the whole country.
Objectives
  • 1. Improve the nutrition and health status of children in the age group of 0-6 years;
    2. Lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
    3. Effective coordination and implementation of policy among the various departments; and
    4. Enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutrition needs through proper nutrition and health education.

  • The Package of services provided by ICDS

    1. Supplementary nutrition, Vit-A, Iron and Folic Acid,
    2. Immunisation,
    3. Health check-ups,
    4. Referral services,
    5. Treatment of minor illnesses,
    6. Nutrition and health education to women,
    7. Pre-school education of children in the age group of 3-6 years, and
    8. Convergence of other supportive services like water supply, sanitation, etc.
Scheme for Adolescent Girls (Kishori Shakti Yojna)
  • There was a gap in between women and child age group which was not covered by any health and social welfare programme whereas girls in this crucial groups need special attention. On one side they need appropriate nutrition, education, health education, training for adulthood, training for acquiring skills as the base for earning an independent livelihood, training for motherhood, etc. Similarly on the other side their potential to be a good community leader has to be realised. A scheme for adolescent girls in ICDS was launched by the Department of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development in 1991.

    Common Services: All adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 years (70%) received the following
  • Common services:
    1. Watch over menarche,
    2. Immunisation,
    3. General health check-ups once in every six-months,
    4. Training for minor ailments,
    5. Deworming,
    6. Prophylactic measures against anemia, goiter, vitamin deficiency, etc. and
    7. Referral to PHC.District hospital in case of acute need.

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